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Washes into creeks streams and leaks creating pollution in 2004 was asked to come up with the protective formula for so called nutrient surplus areas based on a phosphorus Index developed 3 years earlier what growers today uses a voluntary nutrient management plan.
And that’s really a risk assessment tool that allows you to determine how much poultry litter or other organic source can be applied to each given field.
Industrial poultry farms , which has more than one hundred 25 thousand birds at any given time under the Clean Water Act are designated as key foes concentrated animal feeding operations K posts containing hogs and cattle must apply for national pollution discharge elimination permits to manage a liquid waste safely paltry K votes with more than 2500 birds , which produce dry waste are only required to register annually in Arkansas , with local conservation districts , according to a tally provided by the European tie Department of Environmental Quality in an email. For this report Arkansas has 8 poultry farms which produce liquid waste along with 9 swine cave pose 65 licensed dairy herd and no cattle cave it’s our stock yard . In addition , an estimated 3100 dry poultry farms , according to the African child Poultry Federation operate in Arkansas , many in the north west quadrant designated by the State no airs foes but a foes animal feeding operations which require less regulation so to better control litter pollution Philip more several decades ago said about experimenting with a substance called Alan .
Album is a refined chemical it’s aluminum sulfate and they they make it from bauxite about side or is mine and they reacted with sulfuric acid to make Allen.
Moore says the album when mixed into litter spread on fields fixes the phosphorus is soils keeping it from surging into waterways during rain events or leaching through sensitive cursed topography into groundwater just a half mile down the road from here more maintains an Alan test site.
We did rainfall simulation studies will re-applied litter on small plots that had fish and wave rained on on what these rainfall simulators and measured the phosphorous runoff off and with Alomar aluminum sulfate treated litter. We saw a 90% reduction in faster shrunk .
Moore also found the LM increases nitrogen uptake in pastures , making them more life and inside the poultry houses reduces pathogens like salmonella reducing bird mortality.
Usually Al is but applied to the litter in the Barnes between flocks. And the reason you do that . This album is an acid , and so it will lower the pH of the litter from say pH 8 , which is really basic down the pH 5 or 6 , and when you do this , you reduce ammonia volatile session and so the ammonia levels in the atmosphere of the house is lower and that makes it a healthier environment for the poultry .
Applications more shares also reduce CO2 emissions and ventilation costs growers don’t have to exhaust the noxious ammonia created by excreted nitrogen from the field from bar is off.
So air shared for humans also in.
The big thing with using album it will reduce the ammonia emissions by about 50%.
Reducing the risk for industrial poultry farm worker.
There’s been several studies this show that over the years they can develop since pretty serious upper respiratory problems from both the ammonia and the and the dust in those houses.
But Moore says not all contract growers use , which is an added expense nor are they compelled to by state law , which is why these hens in years far are testing 50% you cheaper glitter amendment called elements in mud , a byproduct of Alan production which Moore says appears to work just as well.
It’s a waste product it’s acidic and it’s been land field historically. And so what we found is that you can add more bark side to the Allah murder and a little bit of sulfuric acid and make a new leader amendment that works just as good as his album in reducing phosphorus runoff and ammonia emissions .
Arkansas ranked second in the nation after Georgia for a broiler production nearly £7 billion last year , valued at $3.8 billion yielding more than 100,000 jobs. Key foes in a pose provide a low-cost source of meat , milk and eggs in the US do to efficient feeding and housing of animals increased facility size in animal specialization . Still , according to a 2 year comprehensive research study and foes and a by the Pew Commission and industrial agriculture , including an Arkansas industrial farm animal production poses risks to public health , the environment and animal welfare so requires significant change for it was actually at large . I am Jacqueline frolic .
Candidate forums for Washington County and the City of Fayetteville elected officers begin tonight at the favorable public library most forum nights will include 2 one-hour forums tonight County clerk forum begins at 6 then city council ward one begins at 7 and the forums are scheduled to continue. Almost all of them on Tuesdays and Fridays through early October . You can find out more . If a lib.org .
You listen to NPR News on 91.3 because you trust the journalism that brings you more than the headlines , one of the roles of a free press in a democracy is to fill in the half truths and call out falsehoods in times like these , this kind of reporting is essential , but it is also expensive your gift K UAF helps pay for the news that is vital to all of us right now and your support during the month of September helps us toward our fall fund raising goal of $150,000 support gay UAF and NPR News right now by making a gift at support K UAF.com.
And still ahead on today’s show the world of BS and how to tell what is and isn’t BS J Green a distinguished professor at the University of Arkansas we’ll explain then later no BS a robot is mowing the grass at the University of Arkansas Fort Smith.
They just bounce around randomly so that way it doesn’t create tracks or own the same rats from running the same place bumps into an item like it is right now. It just stops you put your foot out there and know he’ll stop any no back up and turn around and go somewhere else .
That’s ahead on today’s those are too large.
The Arkansas Alumni Association will host pig Suey scramble Saturday September 14th at Paradise Valley in Fayetteville this event supports the Northwest Arkansas Chapter of the Arkansas alumni association. More information is available at 575-280-1 or online Arkansas alumni.org amped fest will be held Saturday September 8 at the Walmart Amp in Rodgers benefiting arts education in northwest Arkansas amped fest features unlimited beer samples from more than 30 breweries live music and cutting-edge technology activations app Tickets.com or 4-4 3-50 6 hundred for tickets or information .
3 cities in the region will soon be testing are protected bike lanes as part of a pilot project put on by bike NW way a nonprofit working to promote cycling as an alternative form of transportation. The organization held a public input meeting last week at the Arts and of the Ozarks in Springdale where protected bike lanes will be installed before the end of the year . Ryan Hale will founder of Lane shift is a consultant on the project .
Employing a trails or green weighs only approach to building on a bicycle network is is very similar to employing a freeway only approach to road or street network you just simply need more diverse offerings in your community to move people really to their door.
Hale says Green ways are great but they rarely account for the first and last mile to commute , that’s where on street infrastructure comes in to create greater connectivity that encourages use and hail ads on screen infrastructure can be installed at a fraction of the cost of a green light , especially since many cities have already overbuilt the roads.
We used to think that wider equaled safer but actually what we’re seeing now is it actually wider is means faster.
Those extra wide roads Hale says can be used for biking infrastructure in Springdale , the pilot project will stretch down Maple Avenue from Pleasant Street to Holcomb , where it will connect to the razor back regional Greenway Hale says the city will re the road to include protected bike lanes and volunteers will install raise delineate known as zebras.
And they’re from Spain and they are approximately 3 feet long by about 8 inches tall and in their head.