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These comments at a news conference. As we said with Polish president Andre dude did anything come out of that meeting .
Preston Duda is pushing for a permanent US bases in Poland , he even said it could be named at the Trump trumped in totally shut that down , he said , is something that he would consider a big concern for polling is Russia and Trump was asked about that , and he said he understands why Poland is concerned about Russia and one additional defense because Russia has been aggressive in the region that’s NPR’s Asia Moscow. Thank you . Thank you .
President Trump will visit North Carolina tomorrow to see areas that were affected by Florence , even though the storm came ashore as a Category 1 hurricane it has dumped record setting amounts of rain on the Carolinas hurricane categories only consider wind speeds not rain. So , a storm like Florence raises the question of whether the traditional way of categorizing storms makes people dangerously complacent meteorologist Bryan Norcross is a hurricane specialist at the Weather Channel and WPLG TV in Miami . Welcome to all things considered , they , sorry . Why does the category of a hurricane consider only wind speed and not water .
Because we can measure the wind speed very reasonably well , and we can measure the pressure of the storm , but what we don’t know is how the rainfall or the storm surge , which the ocean being pushed up over the land. It’s going to interact with the particular land area that the hurricane going to hit for example hurricane Florence would have had a significantly different effect on Florida than it did on North Carolina because of the coastline is different . The terrain is different , so it’s just impossible really to put a number on the storm that will tell us how bad it will be one it interacts with the land because the land is such a big player in that .
Do you think that in North Carolina. There were people who wound up in harm’s way because they said to themselves , it’s only a category one even though at the same time , everyone was saying this is going to be arraigned about not a wind event there’ll be flooding get out .
I think absolutely that happened people that way all the storm the wind speeds are lower in the storm and the state. But what’s happened is as more and more meteorological information has come out over the years . People pay more attention to the meteorological information and less attention to weather . Evacuations have been ordered for specific areas and I’m talking about in places that are generally populated and the most important safety information is and I wanted to be evacuated or not and that information is so often these days muddied by spaghetti plots and Collins and models and projections of wind speeds and all those things when what we know is that even Category 1 hurricanes can be disastrous .
Well , do you think there is some more holistic nuanced way of categorizing hurricanes , even if you can’t exactly measure how much rain or how much storm surge there’ll be something factors in more than just the wind speed.
I would do it in 2 ways. One is , I would just start saying we in the category one win category 4 just as a way to label the hurricane to get people used to the idea of the word wind associated with category . The other thing that I think could be done , as in the case of Florence most conversations were about what a terrible flood this was going to be , but there really is nothing but a flood watch that goes up and flood watches go up all the time and I think we need a different category of pre-alert that this is an extreme flood threat or something like that that they draw so that whenever the hurricane has discussed when it’s 3 or 4 days out it’s the Scots as being when category 3 storm extreme flood threat is issued for North and South Carolina way in advance , not waiting for the 48-hour window and waiting for to start running .
We know the climate change is going to make this more relevant for more storms going forward do you think there is any real chance of changing the way these are described to give people a little more of a heads up.
Well , the National Hurricane Center is working really hard to think about the next generation of how storms are alerted and they’re doing a lot of work , including social science research and and getting ideas from a lot of people on how they can move forward to make it better.
Bryan Norcross as a hurricane specialist with the Weather Channel and WPLG TV in Miami. Good to talk to you again . Thanks a lot nicer .
You’re listening to All Things Considered from NPR News. At last night’s Emmys the pool of nominees was so diverse the opening number made fun of it . Proclaiming that Hollywood had solved the problem of under-representation in the TV business .
Now , despite a record number of non-white people nominated for the Primetime Emmys. Not that many of them actually won in the big categories it a break it down for us is NPR TV critic Eric Day and say either Eric .
Hi. Maybe they should have called a we didn’t solve it .
Right. Isn’t there was not a subtle number of them that so who were the winners what happen .
So the big winners were shows like Game of Thrones and the marvelous Mrs. May’s they won best drama and best comedy and these are also shows were the top roles are mostly played by white people and so were we non-white people when last night was in categories like Best Actress in a limited series which a King Juan or attending Newton winning for best supporting Actress in a drama. But in a major category like Best Actress in a Drama . The TV academy had a chance to make history by giving Sandra oh the award , she would have been the first Asian woman to win in this category , but instead clear Foy from the Crown one .
So walk us through the thinking sort of how Emmy voters made some of these choices.
Well , it seemed to me that among the programs nominated in the major categories at the Primetime Emmy Awards. There’s still some segregation . I mean we’ve got chose the latter will now white actors they get major nominations like ABC’s Black sure ethics is Atlanta insecure on HBO . But other shows they compete in these categories are not so diverse especially in drama , so I looked at the series that won multiple words last night , and most of them , the marvelous Mrs. May’s all Game of Thrones . The Crown , the Americans have little or no diversity in their top roles . So when a show like Mrs. May’s or wins 5 awards in a comedy space , I mean I squeezes out other shares were people of color were nominated and when you look at drama shows like the Americans in the crowd kind of did the same thing . So you know I was heartened to see shows and may strong statements about equality and LGBT Q issues like ethics is the assassination of Gianni Versace American crime story a Arup past drag race . I mean they won’t have high-profile awards last night , and this is kind of a tough subject because TV so good . Now that all of these nominees seem like they were worthy of winning , but we’re going to talk about this , because we got to make sure that people are giving a fair shot all kinds of shows .
But giving a given that opening number that we heard it certainly front of mind , right. So what’s your takeaway for what’s really going on here .
Well , I think the situation shows they’re more diversity is still needed among these high-quality TV shows that attract Emmy nominations in the first place and when you look at the categories for directing , writing and producing its army is there could be more ethnic and gender diversity in those areas too and if there’s more diversity there then recognizing a diversity performers producers and directors becomes a lot easier. I also think you got to recognize that when you reach a diversity milestone you can’t start pushing to get better , I mean , last year the Emmy Awards had a much wider diversity a winner we saw Lina become the first black woman to win a comedy writing Emmy from Maastricht non Donald Glover and raise are met and Sterling K Brown these guys . One , it’s easy to forget that equality is something you always have to work to maintain and when you just ready to kick back and say , you know , hey we solved it when you got to buckle down and really focus on keeping it going .
That’s NPR TV critic Eric Dagens Eric , thank you.
You’re listening to All Things Considered from NPR News.