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In that letter she said a full investigation by law enforcement will ensure that crucial facts and witnesses in this matter are assessed in a non-partisan manner. We’ve got Kelsey Snell back on the line . Casey , can you talk a little bit about what you’ve heard from Republicans on this .
Singing in the it’s one click here.
And I think we’ve lost Kelsey for the moment.
And we want to move on to another story why will it while we try and get her on the line this conversation about these allegations it has it has invited some questions about the issue of memory trauma when it comes to assault earlier at my co-host Larry Shapiro spoke with Harvard psychology professor Richard McNally about this.
Soon after , Christine glossy Ford went public with her story about Brett Kavanaugh our critics began to question her memory Ford says Kavanagh and a friend assaulted her at a house party when they were teenagers. They are both in their ’50s now . Ford has recalled the attack in gripping detail to the Washington Post , but she can’t say who’s house , they were in or exactly how they ended up there to shed light on how trauma affects memory . Let’s bring in Harvard psychology professor Richard McNally welcome . Thank you . Thank you for having me . We know that memory in general is not entirely reliable and it can be difficult to precisely recall events from long ago . Does that change when we are talking about trauma and traumatic events .
Yes. In fact the stress hormones that are released during a terrifying experience tend to render the central features of that experience vivid and memorable . That said , the process does not operate like a videotape machines . So for example , a dozen infallibility in code every detail of the experience . Nevertheless the central features are typically retained after an all too well , it’s a case of post-traumatic stress disorder exemplifies and sometimes at the expense of the peripheral details .
Do you find that these kinds of memories change over time , the farther people get from the event.
No , not necessarily with dramatic events that they’re fairly they’re fairly stable. I mean memories . It’s a dynamic process that’s true , but to the extent that you’ve experienced these the intense emotion at the encoding of the memories , a tendency to render them the central features of them are quite stable so you find us with the war veterans rape victims : victims of torture natural disaster , they don’t forget these things , they tend to be recalled quite vividly .
As you say the central event may remain vivid periphery referred peripheral details may not that seems to come to bear on the Ford case where she is saying she remembers the alleged incident very clearly but can’t say for certain who’s how she was at.
Exactly right. Yeah , so the central features are those at the persons attending to their rough and the was threatening the most terrifying features of the experience where the day in which it happened or the house or the address or the day of the week . It happened . These things may get scrambled up forgotten cause they’re not really the ones that you’re attending to at the very moment of terror .
Brett Kavanaugh categorically denies that anything like this assault ever happened. And he has suggested to Senator Orrin Hatch , Republican of Utah that maybe this is a case of mistaken identity , does it seem plausible to you that Ford may be remembering this traumatic incident correctly but not the cast of characters .
That that’s possible. That’s certainly possible that there is a mistaken identity I I really don’t know , I don’t know enough about the case . Quite frankly but eyewitness testimony is sometimes and fallible . But the memory of the actual assault that a person might experience is unlikely to be garbled up to that extent .
Another variable here is alcohol Ford told The Washington Post that Kevin was stumbling drunk during this alleged incident. How does alcohol affects recall .
Well alcohol can sometimes impair the encoding and therefore the memory of experiences the most dramatic examples are alcoholic blackouts where the person is behaving and acting and so forth but is consumed so much alcohol that they have no memory of it at all. I’m not saying that’s now serve the case here , but alcohol does not improve memory if anything it tends to impair it .
Richard McNally is a clinical psychologist who teaches at Harvard University. Thanks for joining us today . Thank you for having me .
Russia has said it’s winding down military operations in Syria at its air force still plays a critical role in propping up Syrian leader Bashar Al-Assad last night. Syria’s air defense accidentally shot down an allied Russian spy plane all 15 service members on board were killed and Russia isn’t blaming Syria is holding Israel responsible the same came reports from Moscow .
We not beat.
The downing of an efficient 20 reconnaissance plane in Syria has been running at the top of every newscast in Russia , but the news isn’t about a tragic case of friendly fire it’s about sneaky Israeli fighter pilots who sought cover from Syrian air defenses behind the Russian plane.
I think you have done their are going to get there that had occurred , but given.
Eager kind of shake up the defense ministry spokesman said Russia viewed Israel’s actions as hostile and reserve the right to take what he called appropriate actions and respond.
Russian warplanes have been flying missions on behalf of the Syrian regime for almost 3 years now.
And Moscow’s establish special hotlines with Israel and the United States exactly to avoid this kind of event. This time the Russian Defense Ministry says it didn’t receive any advance warning that Israel was carrying out air strikes in Syria , the Israel Defense Forces say they had indeed conducted an air raid inside Syria against Iranian targets , but the Israelis say their fighters were out of the area when the Russian plane was brought down by what they call inaccurate and indiscriminate Syrian anti-aircraft fire .
Yes to my if.
Alexander Goltz , a defense analyst in Moscow. So that , according to the defense ministry’s own statement . The Russian plane was much higher than the Israeli fighters , he says . The whole world understands what happened .
Should do you ship on Russian version is only for domestic consumption because people need an explanation for why our Syrian allies shot down a Russian plane and 15 service members died.
President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly announced a drawdown of Russian forces in Syria , and on Monday he reached an agreement with Turkey to set up a demilitarized zone in northern Syria. Speaking in the Kremlin , Putin was vague about how Russia would react to the loss of its aircraft and I stuck a Senate sergeant and a gifted said Russia‘s response would be additional security measures for Russian forces stationed in Syria , the Russian president , has a close personal relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was visited Russia 3 times this year already . The 2 leaders spoke on the phone . After the incident . Netanyahu again blamed Syria but promised to provide Putin with all the necessary information to help the Russian investigation Lucy Kim , NPR News . Moscow .
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